FBR REPORT: Burma Army Murders Civilians and Builds New Camps Near Recently Attacked Villages as the Offensive Continues
Karen State, Burma
30 August, 2006


22 civilians murdered by the Burma Army. Burma Army kills porter, engages in forced labor, extorts villager property, and builds new camps as patrols continue in Mon Township, Nyaunglebin District, Western Karen State, and Papun District, Northern Karen State.

  22 Civilians murdered by the Burma Army in Nyaunglebin district fom March to July 2006. ^ top  

The following is a partial list of civilians murdered in 2006 by the Burma Army with known Burma Army (BA) units:

1. Saw *** *****-42 years old, Kho Pu Village Mon Township, shot and killed on 15 February 2006 by BA LIB 35.
2. Saw ***** *** -28, Klaw Kee Village security Mon Township, shot and killed on 9 March 2006 by BA LIB 351.
3,4. Saw *** ***-53. Keh Ka Ko Village shot and killed on 8 March 2006 together with his son Saw *** ** **** by BA MOC 10, LIB 366, 368, 364 combined troop.
5. Saw * ***-19, Hsaw Mi Lu Village, shot and killed on 13 March 2006 by the same troops.
6. Saw ** ****. Shot and killed on 28 March 2006.
7. Naw *** *** ****-18, Ler Klah Village, killed on 13 March 2006.
8,9. Saw *** ***-35, and Naw ** ***-80, Kyauk Pyat Village, shot and killed on 27 March 2006.
10,11,13. Saw *** ***-47, and Saw ** ** ***-24, Maladaw, and Saw *** *** killed on 7 April 2006.
14,15. Saw **** **** -18, and Saw *** **** *** -20, Ler Kla Village security. Killed.
16,17,18,19. Saw ** *** 24, The Baw Der Village, Saw ** *** ***** ******, and Saw **** ****35, Kya Pin Seit Village and Saw ** ***-19 yrs.
20. Naw ** *** ***-34 yrs,mother from Keh Ka Ko Village, she was 5 months pregnant when she was killed by a Burma Army (SPDC) landmine.
21. Saw ** ** – 30, Pa Hta La Village. SPDC troops shot and killed him.
22. Saw ** ** -38, Kyauk Pyat Village. SPDC captured and killed him on 5 July 2006.

On July 26th, 2006, Burma Army troops from LIB 542 killed one porter at Wah Kee Village. The name of the porter was **** *****, from Mandalay. This porter was forced to carry loads for the Burma Army to support the ongoing offensive occurring against villagers in Mon Township.

These patrols are a continuation of attacks and patrols which began in March and displaced over 18,000 people, 5,000 in this township alone. The current activities are part of ongoing Burma Army effort to gain total control of the Karen population in this part of Nyaunglebin District. Many of the villagers from Mon Township are still in hiding since having fled Burma Army attacks in March, May and June. These villagers have been unable to return to their homes and fields, and are facing an immediate and long-term shortage of food. Villagers not in hiding are subject to forced portering and must provide food and building materials for Burma Army camps.

On Aug. 7th, 2006, Burma Army LIB 349 and 353, under MOC 15, with 200 armed men went to Hsaw Kah Der Village (approx N 18 24′ 30″ E096 55′ 00″), patrolled through the village, and returned to Muthey army camp (approx N 18 22′ 00″ E096 57′ 30″) on Aug. 12th, 2006.

On Aug. 9th, 2006, Burma Army IB 60, under DIV. 23 arrived in Mon Township to increase patrols in the area. They arrived with 19 vehicles (cars and trucks), then divided into two groups: one group went to Muthey camp and one group went to Kyauk Pya and Maw Leh.

  Camp Building and Related Human Rights Violations ^ top  

Burma Army LIB 351 and IB 60 are now camped at Muthey. The Burma Army is building a new camp in the Muthey area they call Kya Kong as part of plans to control the local population in order to develop this area for mining and logging. The construction of the new camp began on July 13th, 2006. They have a generator at the new camp and will soon begin mining for minerals. Burma Army has also forced villagers to relocate from Pa Ko town to Muthey. The Burma Army has been concentrating their operations on the villages close to Muthey, along the Kyauk Kyi (Ler Doh) to Paw Gwaw car road. The Burma Army has built a fence near Muthey which has restricted villagers’ travel to and from their fields. If villagers run out of food, they must inform the Muthey camp officers. 20 police officers were sent to Muthey on July 10th, because they are going to open a new police station there.

The Burma Army also continues to re-supply their camps. As recently as Aug. 14th, 2006, a Burma Army Unit under MOC 21 sent food from Shweygyn Town to Saw Bey Der camp, located between Kyauk Kyi (Ler Doh) and Hsaw Hti. Despite heavy rains and difficulty of travel, the Burma Army has not showed signs of ceasing operations in the area.

Other Violations

On Aug. 6th, 2006 Sgt Maj. Tin Win Aung, from Mee Dai Camp asked for 3,000 Kyat from Aung Chan Tha Village.

In early August, LIB 599 Battalion Commander Win Thein told the villagers from Ko Ni and Da Kaw Bwa villages to send 400 pieces of bamboo to build a chicken coop. Sgt Maj. Than Tun and Corporal Yeh Min, also from LIB 599 demanded 10,000 Kyat from Ko Ni Village Tract.

Earlier in July, an FBR relief team leader met with villagers from Shweygyn Town, who said that on July 28th, Burma Army IB 28 left Shweygyn to go to Mey Wey in Papun Dstrict, via Kushaw. They tried to round up 80 porters to go with them but could not get that many. This unit is originally from Shan State.

It was also reported that IB 57 and LIB 350 are supposed to return to Shan State, but this has not yet happened.

On May 31, 2006, Burma Army IB 56 captured two villagers, Saw *** **** and Saw *** **, accusing them of having contact with the Karen National Union (KNU). On 25 July 2006 the two villagers were freed. In order to free them from custody, the families of each prisoner had to pay 50,000 Kyat (total of 100,000 K from both families).

Villagers who have been farming near Shweygyn have to pay 1,500 Kyat monthly tax to the SPDC. They have one tax collector named Soe Maung, a soldier retired from BA IB 57.

Porter Interviews:

The relief team leader also interviewed three porters who escaped from LIB 276 and IB 56, under MOC 21, TOC 2. The porters escaped at Kushaw on July 30th, 2006. One porter had been wounded by a land mine. Two of them carried the wounded one and they all eventually arrived at a Karen National Liberation Army (KNLA) location on August 2nd, 2006.

They said they were able to escape because TOC 1 was being replaced by TOC 3 at Kushaw. During this troop rotation, soldiers were replaced, not porters, all of whom had to stay for the new troops.

KNLA medics performed surgery and gave medicine to the wounded man who suffered a broken leg. He was able to keep his leg.

Porter Information
1) ***** ***** *****, 43 years old, Burman, from the Northern part of Shan State, was a prisoner when taken as a porter.
2) *** *** ***,22 years old, Burman, from Th’ye Chaung (close to Rangoon), was a prisoner when taken as a porter (WOUNDED BY THE LAND MINE).
3) ***** ***, 22 years old, from La Pa Dah, was a prisoner when taken as a porter.

  Continuing Offensive in Papun (Muthraw) District, Northern Karen State ^ top  

The Burma Army continues its offensive operations in this district where over 5,000 people have been displaced.
The Burma Army is building a new camp a one hour walk from the village of Naw Yo Hta. The camp is called Ger Baw Kee. And southwest, 2.5 hours walk from the village of Kay Pu, the Burma Army is building at the village area of Baw Kaw Plaw.

This area, in northern Papun (Muthraw) District, is a junction of tactical and strategic importance. It is the junction of the three northern Karen Districts: Toungoo, Nyaunglebin, and Papun as well as the Southern Karenni State.
One of the objectives of the Burma Army here is to establish a secure line between the new camps and the old ones that anchor from the south to the north. This secure line of bases then enables the Burma Army to launch operations against IDPs hiding deeper in the Karen State. The Burma Army at the new camp at Baw Kaw Plaw and their old camp to the north at Busakee, are trying to clear and dominate the Lay Kee/Kay Pu area of the Papun and Toungoo Districts and the Karenni State border.

Note: In the Busakee area at the end of the Tongoo-Kler La- Busakee Road, the Burma Army has given a new mining concession
(We do not yet know the name of the company it was given to).

Yeh Mu Plaw Village Tract, Papun District: Schools disrupted by Burma Army attacks. New school lacks supplies.

Students at Dee Thu Der school

Reported: August 5th, 2006.
Teachers have set up a new school in ** ** ** Village for students displaced from other villages in the area and are in need of materials like notebooks, pens and pencils. Currently, the students do not have textbooks. The teacher reported this need to the FBR relief team in their area and also requested that the team see patients needing medical treatment in the area.

Two students are highlighted below:

Naw ** *** ***, 14 years old, from Dee Thu Der Village
She was a student in Dee Thu Der Village school until the Burma Army entered the village on July 17th, 2006. She and her family moved to ** ** ** Village in Yeh Mu Plaw Village Tract and she started school there. She studies in the fourth standard and she does not have enough notebooks, pens, pencils or chalk. She and the other students are studying in a buffalo field.

Eh **** ***, 14 years old
He is going to school and he studied through 4th standard and then on July 17th, 2006, the Burma Army entered Baw Lo Village and he had to leave school. When the Burma Army entered his village, they ate animals like chickens, pigs and goats.

He went to ** ** ** Village and continued his schooling there, starting July 24th, 2006. He said that he did not have enough notebooks, pens, pencils or textbooks. He said some of the students from his old village are going to school with him and others have gone to a different village.

Summary of FBR relief team mission to Papun (Muthraw) District in early August, 2006.
By a Karen FBR team in the field now.

Our mission in Muthraw District was to Yei Mu Plaw Vllage Tract in Lu Thaw Township. We visited the villages of Ku Day, Dee Htu Der, Pa Hei Der, Kaw Mo Pra Der, Ta Ku Der and Baw Lo Villages.

On June 26th, 2006 Burma Army LIB 368, 369, and 370 launched their attack from Paw Gwaw, arriving on June 28th at Dee Htu Der Village. All villagers fled prior to this attack, so when the soldiers entered the empty village they ate many animals, stole what they wanted from the villagers, and destroyed the villagers’ crops and farm huts.

During our mission we saw many villagers in hiding and we tried to help them. We cooperated with village leaders in order to help the villagers as much as possible. We were able to treat sick people, interview people, and encourage the people to have peace, love, and hope. We thank our leaders for helping us and it is our hope that we can be part of bringing freedom for every nationality in Burma.

When we interviewed the villagers they told us about why they had to flee their homes.

“When the SPDC entered our village we had to run away. We cannot go to our farms. The SPDC ate our animals, like chickens, pigs, goats and also destroyed our plants. We had to move to another place and another village. We want to go back and to stay in our village, but we cannot go back because the SPDC stays too close to the village”.

Summary of Medical Treatment (includes number of cases for each category)
Malaria 61
Anemia 44
Common cold 51
ARI severe Pneumonia 71
Diarrhea (watery) 20
Dysentery 23
Hypertension 7
Gastric pain 35
Asthma 11
Abscess 13
Ear Problem 4
Eye Problem 4
Typhoid 6
UTI 58
Worms 73
Beri Beri 42
Skin Infection 20
Dental 10
Heart Disease 5
W.R.H 11

Total 512

***Note: In this report, names of villagers and, in some cases, villages, have been obscured with asterix to protect the privacy and safety of individuals and communities.